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Rouge d’Ecosse wholemeal flour


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SKU: 201011 Category:


Wholemeal wheat flour freshly milled from Scottish heritage wheat variety Rouge d’Ecosse.


Key information
  • Variety name: Rouge d’Ecosse
  • Certified organic wheat
  • 100% wholemeal flour finely ground on the innovative Zentrofan cyclone mill
  • Above-average values for most key minerals
  • Soft texture and a flavour that is quite a revelation
  • Suitable for real bread (with long fermentation and no additives) and pastries, cakes and biscuits
  • We help with expert advice to help you craft something delicious

Available in 1 kg  and 3 kg bags and mixed variety packs. (Also soon available as grain for home milling.)



Rouge d’Ecosse wheat is, despite its French name, an old Scottish variety probably descended from the ancient British wheat Blood Red. It seems to have been given its French name (‘Red of Scotland’, literally) by the famous Paris grain merchant and wheat improver Henry de Vilmorin.

Rouge d’Ecosse wheat (Les Meilleurs Blés, Vilmorin-Andrieux, Paris (1880), p. 81)

His 1880 publication ‘Les Meilleurs Blés‘ (The Best Wheats) catalogues over sixty wheats, each described in detail and accompanied by a high quality engraving. According to Vilmorin, tradition has it that this grain came to Scotland ‘from the London grain markets’ (a source of wheats from all over the globe), which ‘leaves its true origins somewhat obscure’. At first confined to East Lothian, it was later grown ‘all over the country’. It had two outstanding characteristics: it was very resistant to lodging (when wheat falls over in the wind or rain); and it could tolerate great cold over the winter. Vilmorin says that, of all the foreign varieties, Rouge d’Ecosse and Hunter’s (another of our wheats) alone survived the very ‘rigorous’ winter of 1876-77 in Lorraine in Eastern France.

Rouge d’Ecosse likes a slightly hilly terrain and does well on land of medium fertility, making it suitable for organic cultivation without the application of artificial fertilisers.


A new way of milling

This flour has been milled for maximum nutrient retention on an innovative ‘cyclone’ mill called a Zentrofan. It’s a slow, small-scale process which reduces the grain to fine particles without either heating it up by excessive abrasion (as can happen with stone milling) or stripping it of its vital nutrients (which is the main effect of producing white flour on industrial roller mills). There is more detail about the mill and how it works here.



Baking with heritage flour

This flour is special. Apart from its above-average mineral content, It has

  • a full, satisfying flavour without the dry dustiness of some wholemeals
  • gluten that is naturally softer, less stretchy and more extensible (and arguably more digestible) than in common breadmaking flours

Top tips for getting good results:

  • Knead the dough gently and for less time than you have to when using a ‘strong’ flour
  • Be patient and ferment your bread slowly (using sourdough) to develop flavour and digestibility
  • If you’re struggling to get a longed-for lightness, sieve the flour to remove some of the bran or add a portion (up to 25%) of ‘strong’ flour

You will find more baking advice and recipes here.


Additional information

Weight 1.010 kg
Pack size

1 kg bag, 3 kg bag

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